Waste

More than 50% rural households across 5 states are still without toilets

The low performance of these 5 states can prevent India from achieving 100 % toilet coverage by October 2019

 
By Kiran Pandey
Last Updated: Thursday 07 June 2018
Swacch Bharat Mission-Rural aims to have 100 % households with individual toilets by October 2, 2019. Photo: Vikas Choudhary/CSE
Swacch Bharat Mission-Rural aims to have 100 % households with individual toilets by October 2, 2019. Photo: Vikas Choudhary/CSE Swacch Bharat Mission-Rural aims to have 100 % households with individual toilets by October 2, 2019. Photo: Vikas Choudhary/CSE

The Centre has met close to 85 per cent of the target under Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)–Rural, but this success may be jeopardised by the abysmal performance of 12 districts across five states, according to data from State of India’s Environment in figures – 2018, an annual e-book published by Down to Earth.

For instance, in Jharkhand, where toilet coverage is at 76 per cent; only 31 per cent households in Godda district have individual toilets. Similarly, at least 50 per cent households in 12 districts in Odisha, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Telangana still lack toilets.

Their performance will be crucial in achieving the SBM-Rural’s target of 100 per cent toilet coverage by October 2, 2019.

The annual book ranked 10 states and identified the 28 worst-performing districts that demand immediate attention (see graphic below).

With just 54 per cent households having toilets, Odisha is the worse among the ten states. Balangir (37.8 per cent), Mayurbhanj (39.16 per cent) and Cuttak (39.4 per encent) are the three worst districts in the state.

Source: SOE In Figures 2018/DTE

In Bihar, which is marginally better than Odisha, just 55 per cent of the households have individual toilets. The three worst performing districts in Bihar are Arwal (40 per cent), Jamui (42 per cent) and Samastipur (41 per cent).

In Uttar Pradesh, where 68 per cent rural households have individual toilets, the target could be missed due to the low toilet coverage in Sitapur, Azamgarh and Chitrakoot districts.

Telangana may take pride by having achieved 83.75% of the target, but the state is likely to be let down by slow progress of Komaram Bheem Asifabad, Jayashankar Bhupalapally and Adilabad.

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